Most individuals believe that OB/GYN and gynecology are interchangeable terms. That is untrue. Gynecologists solely practice gynecology, whereas obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) cover both fields. One has to be aware that both OB/GYN doctors and gynecologists cover two distinct medical specializations to appreciate the distinction between them. The medical specialties of obstetrics and gynecology concentrate on two distinct facets of the female reproductive system.
The requirements of a woman change throughout her life, therefore it’s critical to know who to see for what ailments and problems. So scroll down below to learn more about it and anything else you need to know.
Here is a closer look at how the two vary and what their professions entail:
What is OB-GYN?
Specifically, the care of pregnant women and their unborn children is the focus of obstetrics. Many difficulties can occur during pregnancy, including ectopic pregnancy, which is when the embryo is in the fallopian tube, fetal discomfort brought on by compression, placental issues, or high blood pressure, which can be a precursor to the deadly disease known as pre-eclampsia.
The obstetrician guarantees that the mother and child are safely led through all stages of pregnancy and labor since they have received training in these and many other difficulties of childbirth. Obstetricians are prepared to deal with any change that arises throughout the normal if occasionally challenging process of delivery, whether the baby is delivered vaginally or via scheduled or emergency caesarian surgery.
An obstetrician is liable for the mother’s and child’s health following birth, ensuring that neither succumbs to the severe complications that were common a century ago and, tragically, are still occurring in third-world countries. Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that has transformed pregnancy and delivery into life-altering experiences that may be welcomed with assurance because of advances in medical science that have made them safe and predictable.
What areas make up the specialties?
Roughly 90% of OB-GYNs specialize in one or more fields. They, therefore, provide a variety of OB-GYN services, according to this. Some individuals opt to focus on one or more distinct subspecialties. These may consist of:
High-risk pregnancies and illnesses connected to them are treated by these professionals. If you experience any of the following symptoms, you should consult a maternal-fetal medicine specialist:
- Severe or gestational hypertension
- Diabetes during pregnancy
- Abnormalities of blood clotting
- Untimely labor
Fertility and reproductive endocrinology:
Infertility problems as well as problems with the endocrine system’s glands and hormones are dealt with by these endocrinologists. Visit a reproductive endocrinologist if you want to get pregnant but are having problems conceiving. They carry out operations for assisted reproduction, including:
- In vitro conception
- Intrafallopian transfer of gametes
- Intrafallopian transfer of a zygote
- Transfer of embryos
Female reproductive surgery and pelvic care:
Such surgeons concentrate on providing care for female patients with urinary tract issues. Additionally, they concentrate on issues with the muscles and connective tissue that are right below a woman’s pelvis. The pelvic floor refers to this region. Age, certain medical disorders, or pregnancy can all cause the pelvic floor to weaken. These experts deal with:
- Fecal or urinary incontinence
- Urinary or vaginal infections
- Uncontrollable bladder
- A bladder ache
- Organ prolapse in the pelvis
When ought one to visit an OB-GYN?
Preventive treatment is the greatest strategy to handle health and medical problems. Get a preventative checkup once a year if you’re a healthy woman who isn’t having any problems with your reproductive system. Your doctor could do assessments, vaccinations, or lab testing to check for specific illnesses at this appointment. Typically, your doctor will request tests based on your age group. Furthermore, your doctor will examine your pelvis. Your doctor could ask for further tests or screenings depending on your age and condition.
You should see your OB-GYN when changes in your reproductive cycle occur in addition to your annual checkup. These adjustments might be regular, deliberate, or anticipated.
What is Gynecology?
Gynecology focuses on all other elements of a woman’s reproductive health from the start of adolescence to menopause and beyond, however, the majority of gynecologists are also obstetricians.
Annual pelvic exams and Pap tests are performed on women by gynecologists. A woman would also visit her gynecologist for infections or any discomfort or pain in the breasts, genitalia, or uterus. Additionally, gynecologists can help with contraceptive and reproductive problems.
Gynecology is the medical specialty that examines and treats conditions affecting the female reproductive system, such as cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina, and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist can also handle pelvic organ prolapse. With weak pelvic muscles unable to adequately support the uterus or bladder, this ailment is typically experienced by postmenopausal women.
Gynecologists can also offer guidance on sexual issues, such as safe sexual behavior, contraception, and defense against STDs. In conclusion, a gynecologist may handle any problem with female reproductive health that is unrelated to pregnancy. When these diseases are still in their early stages, they might advise their patients to seek out treatment strategies for them. Gynecologists may be granted more freedom in their work schedules and environments than those in other fields of women’s health because their primary focus is on maintaining health.
When to consult a gynecologist:
When a woman has concerns about symptoms like pelvic, vulvar, or vaginal discomfort or unusual uterine bleeding, she should see a gynecologist both annually for screening and at any other time.
Gynecologists frequently treat the following conditions:
- Family planning concerns, such as contraception, sterilization, and abortion, are related to pregnancy, fertility, menstruation, and menopause.
- Concerns about the tissue that surrounds the pelvic organs, including ligaments and muscles
- Syndrome of the polycystic ovary
- Incontinence of the bladder and bowel
- Ovarian cysts, fibroids, breast issues, vulvar and vaginal ulcers, and other benign abnormalities of the reproductive system are examples of benign ailments.
- Cervical dysplasia and endometrial hyperplasia are two examples of premalignant disorders.
- Malignancies of the breasts, the reproductive system, and tumors linked to pregnancy
- Defects in the female reproductive system at birth
- Emergency gynecology treatment
- A persistent disorder that affects the reproductive system is endometriosis.
- Inflammatory conditions of the pelvis, such as abscesses
- Sexuality, including same-sex and bisexual partnerships’ health concerns.
- Improper sexual behavior
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